Thursday, April 12, 2012

April 12th

Kenneth Samuel Howard (12-04-1882 - 20-07-1972) American composer

[Thanks to Александр Никитин]

Kenneth Samuel Howard wrote several books about chess composition: "How to solve chess problems" (1945), "The enjoyment of chess problems" (1943) and "One hundred years of the American two-move chess problem; a collection of 212 compositions by United States problemists" (1962).

Howard, Kenneth Samuel
Magyar Sakkélet, Jun 1969 (3599)
3rd Prize

#3 9 + 8

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Albert Servais (12-04-1893 - 13-02-1970) Belgian composer

Albert Servais
[Thèmes 64 no.22/1961 page 338]

Albert Servais has composed about 1000 problems, mostly twomovers. He was the editor of the problems section of the Belgian correspondence chess players bulletin and of the Echiquier Belge. An article was dedicated to him and his work in Thèmes 64 no.22/1961 pages 338-339.

The Servais theme is a twomover theme thus defined : the key unpins a white piece and a black piece. Besides, it also creates a white half-pin and a black half-pin. In variations, the unpinning white piece and the unpinned white piece exploit the alternate pinning of the two black unpinned pieces. The theme is displayed by this problem by Servais. Let's see a threemover with pins on the diagram:

Servais, Albert
FSGT, 1955
1st Prize

#3 10 + 10

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István Persa (12-04-1950) Hungarian composer

István Persa

István Persa mostly composed helpmates, but he also tried his luck on twomovers:

Persa, István
Thema Danicum, 1983

#2 8 + 9

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Василий Евгеньевич Козырев (12-04-1951) Russian composer (Vasily Evgenyevich Kozyrev)

Vasily Kozyrev
[Thanks toАлександр Никитин]

Kozyrev is a moremover and endgame studies composer.

Козырев, Василий Евгеньевич
Chavchavadze MT, 1987
Special Prize

= 3 + 4

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Galsanjamtsin Tsogniisuren (12-04-1952) Mongolian composer

Tsogniisuren, Galsanjamtsin
JT “Denzen-60” 1989
1st Prize

#2 vv 7 + 6

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Şəhriyar Məmmədyarov (12-04-1985) Azerbaijani composer (Shakhriyar Mamedyarov)

Shakhriyar Mamedyarov [Wikipedia]

Shakhriyar Mammadyarov is one of the world's top o.t.b. GMs. He has also composed studies in collaboration with Ilham Aliev, such as this one:

Aliev, Ilham & Mammadyarov, Shakhriyar
Probleemblad, 2004 (139)

+ 6 + 9

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Tadeusz Matuśiński (12-04-1923) Polish composer

An enjoyable threemover:

Matuśiński, Tadeusz
Schweizerisches Arbeiter-Schachjournal, 1954
1st Prize

#3 6 + 6

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Karl Folke Peterson (12-04-1935) Swedish composer

Folke Peterson
Problem, September 1969
[Thanks to Александр Никитин ]

Folke Peterson composed little, mainly studies.

Peterson, Karl Folke
Tidskrift för Schack, 1954
1st HM

+  4 + 5

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